What Does Accreditation Mean for Your Child?
More than seals and acronyms, accreditation is an important factor in choosing the right school.
photo: courtesy of holy nativity
“Accreditation and licensing of elementary and secondary educational institutions are important because they provide an independent, third-party assessment of a school’s safety, sustainability and program quality,” says Phil Bossert, executive director of the Hawai‘i Association of Independent Schools.
What’s the difference? Right now, any number of independent, private and parochial schools can be registered for business in Hawai‘i, but that doesn’t mean they’re licensed. (That will change July 1, 2020, when a new law will require all private schools be licensed.) Seventy-seven are licensed by HAIS’ subsidiary, the Hawai‘i Council of Private Schools, and 16 are compliant with the new law but not officially licensed. At least once every three years, educators from other licensed schools visit campuses to make sure the school’s fire safety, health department certificates, financial records, academic programs and certificates of occupancy are in order and up to date. The process helps to “determine if the school provides a safe, secure and healthy learning environment, has a documented curriculum with faculty qualified to present that curriculum,” Bossert says. Most colleges and universities will not take transcripts from unlicensed high schools.
Schools can also choose to be accredited. The largest accreditors are HAIS and the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC), which work together with other organizations including Hawai‘i Catholic Schools to accredit private institutions here. Other groups focus specifically on Lutheran, Adventist, Christian, Montessori and Waldorf schools and others.
Accreditation is more than a rubber stamp of approval. The comprehensive process requires a school to review in detail its programs and operations, reflect on them, identify strengths and create a strategic plan for addressing its challenges, Bossert says. The rigorous examination covers facilities, curriculum, health, safety, governance and finances.
That is just the beginning. Next, educators from other accredited schools visit for three to five days to compare the “self-study” with their observations. Both reports are sent to HAIS and WASC for further review. This is no one-time exam. Once completed, accreditation is recommended for a specific number of years. If a school is having trouble, financially or otherwise, HAIS and WASC may place it on probationary status with specific requirements that must be met for the accreditation to continue. The ultimate goal is to improve schools and keep them running.
Licensing and accreditation together help ensure parents and students that their school will be safe, secure and sustainable.
How do you know if the schools to which you’re applying are accredited or not? See our comprehensive Guide to Hawai‘i Private Schools, including accreditations. Here is a key to help you navigate the abbreviations:
American Association of Christian Schools. National Christian accreditation body with member schools in all but four states. aacs.org
Association of Christian Schools International. Recognized by the National Council for Private School Accreditation. Accredits Christian schools from kindergarten through the 12th grade. acsi.org
American Montessori Society. amshq.org
Association of Waldorf Schools of North America. waldorfeducation.org
Hawai‘i Association of Independent Schools. Local umbrella organization that is part of the National Association of Independent Schools. hais.org
North American Division Commission on Accreditation. Seventh-day Adventist accreditation organization. nadeducation.org
National Association for the Education of Young Children. National association of early childhood educators. Accredits preschool through third-grade programs, including childcare and before- and after-school programs. naeyc.org
National Lutheran School Accreditation. Nationwide accrediting body for Lutheran schools. lcms.org/schools
Western Association of Schools and Colleges. One of six regional accrediting associations for schools and colleges. WASC covers California, Hawai‘i, other Pacific Basin areas and East Asia. acswasc.org
Western Catholic Education Association. Accredits Hawai‘i Catholic schools. westwcea.org