9 Things You Didn’t Know About Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana‘ole
Say Happy Birthday to a prince who could pass laws and throw punches.
Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana‘ole’s birthday is celebrated each year on March 26. Born in 1871, he played an important role in Hawaiian history. We bet you didn’t know that he was arrested at least twice, and some of these other fascinating facts about him.
1. He Was Named After His Grandfathers
Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana‘ole Pi‘ikoi got his name from his paternal grandfather Jonah Pi‘ikoi and maternal grandfather Kūhiō Kalaniana‘ole. His aunt Queen Kapi‘olani (Kalaniana‘ole’s daughter) took guardianship of him after his parents died.
2. He Escaped a Death Sentence
He served a year in prison for rebelling against the Republic of Hawai‘i in 1895. Some of his compatriots, Robert Wilcox and Charles Gulick, were sentenced to death for treason. (They were pardoned after serving time in prison.)
3. He Was the Last Prince of Hawai‘i
Kūhiō was made prince under King Kalākaua, along with his brothers, David La‘amea Kahalepouli Kinoiki Kawānanakoa and Edward Abnel Keli‘iahonui. They passed away in 1908 and 1887, respectively. Kūhiō died in 1922, the last prince of Hawai‘i.
4. He Was the First Titled Royal in U.S. Congress
Kūhiō was the first prince in U.S. Congress. He served as a Republican for 19 years, until his death in 1922. During his time, he introduced the first bill for Hawai‘i statehood (1919) and the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act (1920). He also restored the Royal Order of Kamehameha I, established the first Hawaiian civic club, and got funds to construct Pearl Harbor and create Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park.
5. He Had a Men’s Club
While serving in Congress, Kūhiō reportedly rented an apartment in Washington, D.C., which he decorated with hunting trophies from Africa. He called his men’s club the Bird’s Nest.
6. He Was a Renaissance Man
Kūhiō attended Royal School, ‘Iolani (where he earned the nickname “Prince Cupid”), Punahou, Saint Matthew’s School in California and Royal Agricultural College in England. He was also skilled at many sports, including football, wrestling, boxing, track, baseball, rowing and polo.
7. He Knew How to Throw a Punch…
In 1901, Kūhiō threw an American tourist to the ground and punched him in the face after he spat a racial slur at the prince and cut in line at the barber of the hotel in which he was staying in Montreal. The man purportedly said, “I didn’t know, Your Highness. I got all I deserved.”
8. …And How to Kick
While in a café in Switzerland, Kūhiō was arrested for knocking down five university students, including Count von Furstenheim, who told the waiter to throw out that “black man.” Kūhiō kicked him and uppercut a few others, according to a story in the Pacific Commercial Advertiser.
9. He Fought a War in South Africa
While visiting Africa, Kūhiō joined forces with the British Army in the Second Boer War. (They won.)
SEE ALSO: The History of Hawai‘i From Our Files: The Funeral of Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole